Footcare for Diabetics
Foot problems are common complications found in people with diabetes. But many of these complications can be addressed or prevented with proper foot care. Some of the problems that can arise include athletes foot (fungal infections), calluses, bunions, ulcers (which can be surface wounds or deep infections)
Foot problems in diabetes are preventable!
3 reasons why people with diabetes are at high risk for foot problems:
These three problems often work together to make even a common occurrence like a callous, a threat to your foot and therefore your health. Due to numbness or a loss of sensory abilities in the feet one may not even be aware of a callous forming. As it becomes thicker, the tissue under the callous can be damaged. If the skin is very dry, cracking can occur, allowing bacteria to enter. Infection can easily develop. When there is decreased circulation or poor control of blood glucose, it is very hard for the body to fight this infection.
Without prompt treatment there is a serious risk of further damage to the tissue to create a condition called gangrene. If this happens it is not reversible and the only treatment is amputation.
In most cases, however, serious foot problems can be prevented. Keeping your blood glucose well controlled is crucial for general foot health and healing. You must also make foot care a part of your daily routine.